Making Career in Biotechnology Stream



The field of Biotechnology also known as intelligent bioscience is quickly gaining ground among the new generation of India. There is immense possibility of making a superb career in this stream.


What is Biotechnology?


Biotechnology, as the name suggests, is the study of technologies used in biology, especially genetics. Streams like Molecular Biology, Agricultural Engineering, Tissue Culture, fisheries, Genetics - All find application in Biotechnology. The main aim of Biotechnology is to create genetically modified plus improved organisms and other products such as medicines, food, animal feed, industrial materials and agricultural products. It uses Biology along with other popular sciences like Chemistry, Genetics, Engineering, Virology, Immunology and so on.


Applications of Biotechnology


Biotechnology touches almost all the important scientific streams. Hence, its use is also diverse. The conception of genetically improved varieties of organisms makes it one of the most beneficial branches of science. It has given a lot to humanity and a lot remains to be given.

The following are the major fields of application of Biotechnology,


  • Detecting and treating hereditary diseases such as anemia, Huntingun's disease, cystic fibrosis and some blood related disorders.
  • Producing drugs and substances to treat the dreadful diseases like AIDS, cancer, heart disease, dwarfism and other many other diseases.
  • Making genetically modified plants and organisms that are disease tolerant and adaptable.
  • Used in agriculture and plant science to produce the varieties of crops and seeds with desirable nutritional attributes.
  • Applied in the field of veterinary medicine and animal science for the production of different vaccines, antibodies and growth hormones.
  • Also used in the areas of energy production, waste management, mining, law enforcement and so on.

Course Structure and Study Options


A Biotechnology course generally comprises of subjects like Genetics, Cell Biology, Biostatistics, Enzymology, Metabolism, Molecular Biology, Genetic Engineering, Immunology, Molecular Biophysics, Analytical Biochemistry, Microbiology, Genetic Engineering, Molecular Biophysics, Bioinformatics and so on. You can pursue a graduate degree program (4 years) after completing your plus 2 in Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and Biology. The post graduate program is of 2 years duration. To apply for admission in a post graduate program, you should be a graduate in a related field such as Biotechnology, BDS/B Pharma Medical, Biology, Microbiology, Horticulture, Forestry, Clinical Microbiology, Bioinformatics or an equivalent degree. A doctorate degree in the discipline would require 3 more years of your time.



Top Institutions offering Biotechnology Courses



  • IIT Delhi - Department of Biochemical Engineering and Biotechnology, New Delhi
  • IIT Kharagpur - Indian Institute of Technology (IITKGP), Kharagapur
  • IIT Roorkee - Indian Institute of Technology (IITR), Roorkee
  • IIBMS - Indian Institute of Business Management and Studies, Meerut
  • IIT Delhi - Department of Biochemical Engineering and Biotechnology, New Delhi
  • Lovely Professional University, Phagwara
  • Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi
  • Jadavpur University, Kolkata
  • SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai
  • Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai
  • Jadavpur University, Kolkata
  • Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara
  • Christ University, Bangalore
  • Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai
  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
  • Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi
  • Techno India University, Kolakata
  • Department of Animal Biotechnology, Madras
  • Department of Microbiology & Biotechnology Centre, Faculty of Science, The Maharaja Sayaji Rao University of Baroda
  • University School of Biotechnology, Guru Govind Singh Indraprasths University, New Delhi
  • School of Life Sciences, University of Hyderabad
  • Rajiv Gandhi Center for Biotechnology, Trivandrum,
  • Institute of Chemical Technology, University of Mumbai
  • Department of Biochemical Engineering & Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi
  • Harilal Institute of Management and Technology, Greater Noids
  • School of Basic Sciences and Research, Sharda University, Greater Noida
  • Center for Biotechnology, Anna University, Chennai
  • Nirma University, Ahmedabad
  • Dr BC Guha Center for Engineering & Biotechnology, University of Calcutta, Kolkata
  • Department of Microbiology, Bangalore University, Bangalore
  • Department of Biotechnology, Cochin University of Science & Technology, Cochin
  • Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
  • Institute of Chemical Technology, University of Mumbai
  • National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education & Research, Mohali
  • Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal
  • Ravenshaw University, Cuttack
  • Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune
  • Reva University, Bangalore
  • National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal




Some Private Biotech Colleges in India



  • School of Chemical & Biotechnology, SASTRA University, Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu 
  • Department of Biotechnology, School of Bioengineering, SRM University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
  • Department of Biotechnology & Bioinformatics, Jaypee University of Information Technology Solan, Himachal Pradesh
  • Department of Biotechnology, Jaypee Institute of Information TechnologyNoida, UP
  • Amity Institute of Biotechnology, Amity University, Noida, UP
  • Department of Biotechnology, The Oxford College of Science, Bangalore, Karnataka
  • Department of Biotechnology, R V College of Engineering, Bangalore, Karnatak 
  • Department of Biotechnology, Shoolini Institute of Life Sciences and Business Management, Solan, Himachal Pradesh
  • Department of Biotechnology, Shri M. & N Virani Science College, Rajkot, Gujarat
  • Department of Biotechnology, PES Institute of Technology, Bangalore, Karnataka
  • Department of Biotechnology, Kumaraguru College of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu
  • Department of Biotechnology, Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam, Tamil Nadu
  • Institute of Biotechnology & Allied Sciences, Seedling Academy, Jaipur, Rajasthan
  • Department of Biotechnology, Kamraj College of Engineering and Technology, Virudhunagar, Tamil Nadu
  • Department of Biotechnology, Arunai Engineering College, Tiruvannamalai, Tamil Nadu
  • Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Avinashilingam University for Women, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu
  • Department of Biotechnology, Acharya Institute of Sciences, Bangalore, Karnataka
  • Department of Life Sciences, Reva Institute of Science & Management, Bangalore, Karnataka
  • Department of Biotechnology, Gokaraju Rangaraju Institute of Engineering and Technology, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh
  • College of Biotechnology & Allied Sciences, Allahabad Agricultural Institute Allahabad, UP


Career Opportunities in Biotechnology


As discussed earlier, Biotechnology is a vast discipline and an exciting field. Hence it is overflowing with career opportunities and has become favorite study option to the new generation.  After earning a degree in Biotechnology you can assume differing roles in the areas of human health, husbandry, Pharma, Diary, Chemistry, Crime, Biochemical, Food industry, Forestry, Fishery and many more to mention.

The top companies hiring biotechnology experts are the following,


  • Hindustan Lever Limited
  • Thapar Group
  • Novo Nordisk
  • Panacea Biotech
  • Indian Immunologicals
  • Bincon India Limited
  • Indo-American Hybrid Seeds
  • Aventis
  • Venkateshwara Hatcheries
  • Bivcol
  • Mahyco Mosanto Biotech
  • Rasi Seeds
  • Indian Vaccines Corporations
  • Hindustan Antibiotics
  • Ranbaxy
  • Piramal Healthcare
  • Dr. Reddy's Lab
  • Sun Pharma
  • Codila
  • Serum Institute of India

Biotechnology is an interesting field and you have plenty to do here. Being a scientist or a research scholar in this area may someday inspire you to invent something new technology or come up with an innovative finding. It is up to you how you utilize your knowledge to create an outstanding career.